This EMMC-CSA White Paper provides a basis for the standards of modelling software development and addresses areas such as method description, assumptions, accuracy and limitations; testing requirements; issue resolution; version control; user documentation and continuous support and resolution of issues.
The document is based on the work already carried out in the context of the EMMC to drive the adoption of software quality measures, and to ensure sustainable implementation of this EMMC initiative. Given the high level of sophistication of each of the developments which solve particular aspects of the multi-physics/chemistry spectrum of materials modelling, the industrial usefulness of individual achievements requires integration into larger software systems. Thus, guidelines and standards are needed, which will enable the exploitation of these codes.
The major outcome are guidelines for academic software developers creating materials modelling codes. In many cases, design decisions taken at an early stage have unforeseeable consequences for many years ahead. In this context, the white paper gives academic researchers a framework, which paves the way for successful integration and industrial deployment of materials modelling. This goal is achieved by addressing a range of topics including model descriptions and software architectures, implementation, programming languages and deployment, intellectual property and license considerations, verification, testing, validation, and robustness, organization of software development, metadata, user documentation, and support.
In version 2.0 an appendix with “Online resources to development of scientific software” has been added.
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